Choosing a stream of subjects for Class 11th and 12th is the first of many big career decisions you will be making in your life. Even if you haven’t identified any particular career goal so far, don’t worry, there is still plenty of time for that.

There is no lack of career/ course options for a science student after completing 12th STD

The major advantage that science students have over non-science students is that they are eligible for science as well as non-science options – a privilege not available to students from commerce and humanities streams.

Science Stream Subjects after Class 10th

Here is a detailed look into the compulsory subjects in the Science stream:

  1. Physics:

Studying physics at Class 11-12 level will help you develop observational, analytical, investigatory and decision making skills, along with conceptual understanding, etc.

Career options: available, including working as a physicist, astronaut, data scientist, technician, and engineer.

  1. Chemistry:

New areas in chemistry, such as synthetic materials, natural resources, biomolecules, and industrial chemistry are also included in the course at the Class 11-12 level.

Career options :working in research, pharmaceuticals, healthcare as lab scientists, chemical engineers, biochemists, flavour chemists, analytical chemists, etc.

  1. Biology:

The subject of Biology at the Class 11-12 level focuses on providing a firm conceptual basis while also connecting the study of the subject with real-life technology, environment, agriculture, health, etc

Career opportunities: MBBS or Ayurveda or Homeopathy. Apart from medicine, biotechnology, dentistry, pharmaceuticals, marine biology, genetics, bioinformatics, microbiology, etc.

  1. Mathematics:

Studying Mathematics in Class 11-12 opens up a variety of career options, including those in the field of commerce. As a subject, Math focuses on the concepts of quantity, change, structure, and space.

Career options: engineering, computer science, insurance, statistics, economics, banking, accountancy, etc.

  1. English:

As one of the official languages of India, and as the language used most commonly worldwide, which is why a certain level of proficiency is always helpful.

Career options: include mass communication, journalism, teaching, public relations, and blogging.

Optional Subjects with Science

Apart from the 4 compulsory subjects in the Science stream (PCMB), you are required to take on a 5th optional subject.

Here are some of the optional subjects available with Science:

  1. Computer Science:

Computer Science has become an immensely popular choice with students and is based on a general study of computer applications, programming languages, computing logic, networking technologies.

  1. Informatics Practices

Informatics Practices focuses more on the processing of information, computer systems, device applications, program development,integrated device electronics.

  1. Economic:

Economics studies the functioning of an economy and its basic elements, and the interaction of markets at national and international levels.

  1. Engineering Drawing:

Engineering Drawing or Engineering Graphics is a specialized subject that teaches the ability to convey ideas and information required for constructing or analyzing machines.

  1. Psychology:

At the Class 11-12 level, you would learn about the basic concepts and principles in the field, such as emotions, personality, intelligence, etc.

  1. Physical Education:

At the Class 11-12 level, you would learn about physiology, physical fitness, various sports, and yoga.

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